This is a list of the major periods in world history. Also, use of foul smelling urine and dungs were believed to drive away evil spirits. The role of the pharmacist has shifted from the classical “lick, stick and pour” dispensary role to being an integrated member of the health care team directly involved in patient care. It also includes modern eras, which have lasted only a few decades, such as the Gilded Age, Progressive Age and the Information Age. [2]:8 Prehistoric man learned pharmaceutical techniques through instinct, by watching birds and beasts, and using cool water, leaves, dirt, or mud as a soothing agent.[3]. Paleopharmacological studies attest to the use of medicinal plants in pre-history. The 19th century welcomed the discovery of important alkaloids such as morphine, quinine, and emetine. [11], The advances made in the Middle East in botany and chemistry led medicine in medieval Islam substantially to develop pharmacology. In 1240 emperor Frederic II issued a decree by which the physician's and the apothecary's professions were separated. HISTORY OF PHARMACY The evolution of the profession of pharmacy can be divided into five historical periods: 1. ", British Society for the History of Pharmacy, Museum of the History of Lithuanian Medicine and Pharmacy, "History of Pharmacy Web Pages - Sweden´s oldest pharmacies", "Becoming a Pharmacist & History of Pharmacy | Pharmacy is Right for Me", "The valuable contributions of Al-Razi (Rhazes) in the history of pharmacy during the Middle Ages", "Top Pharmaceuticals: Introduction: EMERGENCE OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY: 1870-1930", "Early drug discovery and the rise of pharmaceutical chemistry", "A pioneering history: dentistry and the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_pharmacy&oldid=994007230, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 17:44. He devoted in fact a whole volume to simple drugs in The Canon of Medicine. [2]:30 In medieval Europe, monks typically did not speak Greek, leaving only Latin texts such as the works of Pliny available until these translations by Constantinos. Manafucturers were required to have truthful information on the label before selling the drugs. He declared that “all drugs are poison, the difference is the dose”. Pharmacy refers to the health care profession that deals with both the fields of health science as well as chemistry. In History. In a visually dynamic attempt to recreate this evolution, BuzzFeed Video showcased a diverse cast of models to depict more than 3,000 years of women’s ideal body types by each society’s standard of beauty. History of pharmacy The beginnings of pharmacy are ancient. INDUSTRIALIZATION ERA-1940-1970. Notable contributors are highlighted below; 1. Learn about medicine and surgery before 1800, the rise of scientific medicine in the 19th century, and developments in the 20th and 21st centuries. Before the adv… Required fields are marked *. Important amongst them are. HISTORY OF PHARMACY. New Era Pharmacists provide immunization services, medication therapy management (MTM), diabetes prevention and management programs, diagnostic testing, and more. This led to the discoveries of liquorice for cough in Babylonia, rhubarb roots as purgative in China and dried blueberries as anti-diarrhoea in Syria. Ancient history refers to the time period in which scientists have found the earliest remains of human activity, approximately 6,000 BC. List of Universities Offering Pharmacy Programmes in Nigeria, Career Opportunities for Pharmacy Technicians in the US, 16 Amazing Health Benefits of Scent Leaves, 15 Astonishing Statistics and Facts about U.S. Pharmaceutical Industry. University education for pharmacists was now required. [3], In Ancient Greece, there existed a separation between physician and herbalist. The Colonial Era is a fascinating period in American history. The use of incantations, charms, and herbs in “curing” diseases perceived to be spiritual was common in ancient practice of medicine. Hot tip: she's stunningly different from one generation to the next. PATIENT CARE ERA-1970-present 5. New chemicals were introduced. The evolution of the profession of pharmacy can be divided into five historical periods: ANCIENT ERA-The beginning of time to AD 1600. Further details on Chinese pharmacy can be found in the Pharmacy in China article. The very beginnings or pharmaceutical texts were written on clay tablets by Mesopotamians. Below were ancient methods used in the treatment of diseases; This knowledge of medicine was based on observations and experience and not on scientific knowledge. [9], In Baghdad the first pharmacies, or drug stores, were established in 754,[10] under the Abbasid Caliphate during the Islamic Golden Age. The Town Hall Pharmacy in Tallinn, Estonia, which dates back to at least 1422, is the oldest continuously run pharmacy in the world still operating in the original premises. 6 Striking Things Every Cancer Patient Had In Common, NAFDAC: Activities and Interventions In Control of Fake Drugs, Understanding the Various Types of Hypertension, Microorganisms of Pharmaceutical Interest, How to Make the Right Choice of Packaging Materials, National Agency for Food & Drugs Admin & Control, Journal of Pharmaceutical Development and Industrial Pharmacy. Now we need to fast-forward to the era of World War II. In 1221, the oldest known pharmacy is set up in Florence, Italy. Climate changes were most likely the cause of this phenomenon as the continents all drifted together to form Pangaea. © 2020 Pharmapproach Limited. During the Middle Ages, a period that took place between the fall of ancient Rome in 476 A.D. and the beginning of the 14th century, Europeans made few advances in science and art.Also known as the “Dark Ages,” the era is often branded as a time of war, ignorance, famine and pandemics such as the Black Death.Some historians, however, believe that such grim depictions of the Middle Ages were greatly exaggerated, though many agree t… Ubaka, C. (2013). Cold War 1945 - 1989. The history of pharmacy as an independent science dates back to the first third of the 19th century. If you're a makeup junkie, you may be able to identify what decade it is just by viewing makeup pictures from different eras. Running an apothecary i.e time to AD 1600 2 all drugs are poison, difference! Results during each of these eras Santa Maria Novella in Florence, Italy the most important economist throughout history discovery... 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