You can earn a 5% commission by selling NOVA: Earth From Space on your website. Seen here in summer, Antarctica is nearly one and a half times the size of the United States, covered in ice. GENE FELDMAN: The most important plant life on this planet are these microscopic little green plants that float in the ocean. This creates about 13,000 tons of nitrate. It then joins other ocean currents and eventually returns south, where it cools once more. 3. From the microscopic world of water molecules vaporizing over the ocean to the magnetic field that is bigger than Earth itself, the show reveals the astonishing beauty and complexity of our dynamic planet. The soil of the rainforest is continually washed into the Amazon river system, taking with it nutrients and organic material. NARRATOR: Within a matter of hours, what may have started as a spark from a single lightning bolt turns acres of forest to flames. Beneath the seafloor, forces inside the earth are a crucial source for the basic materials that nurture life. For instance, the Gulf Stream takes warm water from the Gulf of Mexico north to the eastern United States and Europe, generating warm air. The pine tree drops its seeds in the ashen aftermath of a blaze, to make the most of the nutrients that have been released. How can sandstorms in the Sahara Desert transform the Amazon rainforest, over 5,000 miles away? NARRATOR: But there is one key difference between the impact of nature and our own. Lava and superheated gases spill out of cracks in the ocean floor, known as hydrothermal vents. During the day, the leaf takes up carbon dioxide from the air, seen here in orange. Half a world away from the coast of Peru, where plankton bloom, lies the Sahara Desert in North Africa. These are nutrients that living organisms need to survive. It turns out that another surprising way life is sustained is through a violent force: lightning. Models suggest this extra heat could be increasing the intensity of hurricanes and violent storms all around the world. The continental mass of Antarctica lies beneath this swirling maelstrom of cloud. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... Unit 1: The Universe, Planet Earth & Geo… 49 terms. For the first time, we can understand how earth, fire, wind and water join together to create the dynamic environments that shaped life in all its forms. These are higher in energy and shorter in wavelength than other radio waves. NARRATOR: With astonishing images created from a wealth of new information from satellites, this is our planet, as never seen before: Earth from Space, right now, on NOVA. This triggers a wave of activity around the globe. Nearly a trillion tons of rain falls out of the sky, transforming parched land into fertile plains. The plankton are one link in a chain of life that begins deep beneath the seafloor. PIERS SELLERS: The Amazon is the largest natural preserve of life on the continents that's left in the world: thousands of miles of almost virgin forest, thousands of species that have been there for an awfully long time. Each carries an array of exquisitely sensitive detectors designed to reveal what would otherwise be hidden from our view. The cold, dense brine falls slowly, silently, into the abyss, two miles down to the ocean floor below. "Earth From Space" is a groundbreaking two-hour special that reveals a spectacular new space-based vision of our planet. How do the natural forces that surround us work together to create an engine powerful enough to nourish and drive life forward, in all its diversity? WALEED ABDALATI: The importance of dense water in Antarctica is that it really forms the basis of global ocean circulation. And what is the effect of all this energy streaking through the earth's atmosphere? Cameras in space tell stories of life on our planet from a brand new perspective, revealing new discoveries, incredible colours and patterns, and just how fast it is changing. The smoke climbs into the sky, and the ultimate impact of this nutrient-rich ash can eventually be seen from space. It's an enormous scanner; it basically covers the whole world, every day. The instruments bounce microwaves off raindrops in the clouds, allowing scientists to build a three-dimensional model of the internal structure of a hurricane. Start studying NOVA: Earth from Space. It sends a cloud of charged particles, millions of miles wide, racing towards Earth. 10 terms. Many factors play a part in dramatic changes, but most scientists agree that human activity, through our release of greenhouse gases, is the main driving force. PIERS SELLERS: The satellites can actually see the crustal plates moving. This groundbreaking special reveals a spectacular new space-based vision of Earth. This film is full of information. NARRATOR: Satellites provide a vivid new perspective on the links between land, sea, air and life. Like the plankton blooms in the ocean, the forest is kicking into overdrive, watered by rain, and nourished by the minerals borne across the Atlantic by the dust cloud. And at the equator, the sun's concentrated energy fuels a heat engine that can trigger weather events around the world. National corporate funding for NOVA is provided by Draper. NARRATOR: This sped-up visualization of Terra's data shows a year's worth of fire, all around the world. How can its impact extend so far? The visuals here range from the absolutely stunning to the somewhat troubled. From a global perspective, wildfires are essential to the cycle of life. Grades: 7 th, 9 th, 11 th, 12 th. The purple area is the brine. "Earth From Space" is a groundbreaking two-hour special that reveals a spectacular new space-based vision of our planet. Take just a single day in July: in New York, commuters swelter in 95 degree heat; searing winds pump hot air into the region from the south, creating oppressive, humid conditions. 2. DVD, 120 minutes on 1 Disc Detailed satellite images reveal the web of connections that sustain life on Earth. Nearby 'super-Earth… The reason, in the United States, that North Carolina and South Carolina are warm is because there is the Gulf Stream. That is why the whole region remains exceptionally cold, all year round. NARRATOR: Microscopic organisms, as well as rainforests, are the real lungs of the earth. So, when we're looking at the aurora, basically, we're looking at the fact that the sun and the earth are intimately connected. So how is all this lightning created? And now, from the International Space Station, we have these spectacular vistas. In association with NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation and Discovery Channel Canada. Detailed satellite images reveal the web of connections that sustain life on Earth. Over thousands of years, they circulate through the oceans, ultimately rising to the surface, and contributing to an amazing explosion of life. PIERS SELLERS: Before plants, there was no oxygen in the atmosphere, so plants did all the hard work of allowing the atmospheric concentration to build up over time, allowing all other life to develop. Over five and a half million square miles of ice form around the continent. It has the potential to wreak havoc on our planet. These flames may seem purely destructive but, thanks, in part, to satellites, we see that they can also be life-giving. In Bangladesh, the Ganges Delta is rich in iron, washed down from the Himalayas in river sediments, ideal for growing rice. These images will show, in great detail, how sunlight, moisture, land and atmosphere interact in unexpected ways, with seemingly local events often triggered by forces far away in space and time. This is the birth of a hurricane. Sign up now. Guest shoppers get 15 days to return or exchange this item. Almost like hurricanes within hurricanes, these climbing vortices deliver added infusions of energy into the heart of the storm, fueling its growth even more. NARRATOR: Our planet: Earth—you may think you know it well, but a startling new picture is emerging of a world shaped by forces more dynamic and intertwined than we ever imagined, raising possibilities that defy common sense. Created by. We can now follow this process over decades. The sediment flows eastward, traveling 4,000 miles into the Amazon delta. It sweeps the Bodele, producing these high-resolution pictures in multiple wavelengths of visible light. NARRATOR: Plankton may be key to life, but they themselves don't live long. 1 of 5 people found this review helpful. Particles get accelerated, and then they travel down, along the magnetic field lines, towards the polar regions. This footage was taken with a remotely operated submarine, also called Jason. WALEED ABDALATI (NASA Chief Scientist): Their interaction is what has created the environment, the diversity, the kind of life we see on Earth today. NARRATOR: The satellite image analysis shows over 24,000 square miles of sediment, all of it diatomite. But nitrate production is not the only way in which lightning promotes life on Earth. STUDY. "Earth from Space" (Part 1) worksheet (NOVA) This is a worksheet with 13 fill-in-the-blank questions that go along with the first 55 minutes of the 2-hour NOVA program … On August 27, a meteorological satellite is tracking a Category 3 hurricane that started in the Bahamas. Here, a crucial chemical reaction takes place, between molten rock and deep ocean water. It's a planet alive with activity and constant change, its surface transformed by humans, yet still ruled by powerful natural forces that we are only beginning to understand. As the brine descends into the ocean, it eventually falls over this precipice. This hidden mechanism is driven by ceaseless, often violent activity. These are catastrophic, hugely destructive events, with an enormous cost in human lives. "Earth From Space" is a groundbreaking two-hour special that reveals a spectacular new space-based vision of our planet. Aqua is Latin for water. They can measure the height of the earth's surface, every day, to an accuracy of less than a quarter of an inch. PIERS SELLERS: So, we're getting a picture, now, of what the world looks like under the crust and how that affects the other dynamic processes of the so-called solid Earth. Tons of awesome Earth from space wallpapers to download for free. Produced in consultation with NASA scientists, “Earth From Space” takes data from earth … Produced in extensive consultation with NASA scientists, this special takes data from earth-observing satellites and transforms them into dazzling visual sequences, each one exposing the intricate and surprising web of forces that sustain life on earth. The thunderclouds merge into a vast vortex. Perhaps the best place to see the impact of the sun's heat is an area in the Atlantic, just north of the equator and west of Africa: the coastal waters of the Cape Verde islands. EARTH FROM SPACE is a groundbreaking two-hour special that reveals a spectacular new space-based vision of our planet. But, with a satellite image, we can see the whole extent of the basin on a series of images and visualize that, on a computer, in a matter of minutes. 11 terms. These nutrients feed a thriving ecosystem that includes shrimp and exotic creatures, like tube worms. But for this nutrient to re-enter the chain of life, it must first embark on a long journey that can be seen from space. And with these new insights, for the first time, scientists can begin to understand the intimate relationship between the planet and all the living things it supports. It's really quite amazing. NARRATOR: The massive scale of this impact is revealed when the satellite data is visualized. The North Atlantic currents cool and sink to the bottom, then head south again. Local landscape and topography affect the vapor's impact, with results unique to each region. DAVID ADAMEC: You have a satellite that's up there, 500 miles up in space, and it's returning an accuracy of a little less than half an inch. Here, microscopic plankton near the surface thrive on the nutrients, and their population explodes. They show that the poles receive little of the sun's energy and reflect most it back out to space. EARTH FROM SPACE is a groundbreaking two-hour special that reveals a spectacular new space-based vision of our planet. NOVA: Earth from Space Worksheet As you watch the program "Earth From Space" use the transcript provided to help you answer these questions. It's full of sap and resins that burn easily. PIERS SELLERS: With the advantage of the satellites, we can now see that the Amazon basically uses all its own oxygen and uses all its own carbon dioxide. As they spread further out to sea, some of these tiny organisms act like plants, absorbing carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen. NARRATOR: One of Aqua's instruments looks down at the sea around Cape Verde, again, in infrared, sensing heat. NARRATOR: So, why is this relentless cold so important to the planet way beyond Antarctica? DAVID ADAMEC: The complex interactions would be absolutely invisible to us, without a larger view of the earth. Each upwelling triggers a plankton bloom. It's teeming with diversity, with beauty, amazing colors, you know? Circling above the fishermen is a NASA satellite called Aqua, Latin for water. This is a worksheet with 13 fill-in-the-blank questions that go along with the first 55 minutes of the 2-hour NOVA program, "Earth from Space" (originally aired on February 13, 2013) Here is the worksheet for the second hour: "Earth from Space" Part 2 worksheet earth science, geology, environment, Subjects: Biology, Earth Sciences, Environment. PIERS SELLERS: We can see all the green vegetation on Earth, wall to wall, every day, and it tells you almost everything you want to know about the state of life on Earth. It is 2005, the busiest hurricane season on record. Only this is much larger than a hurricane: 4,000 miles in diameter. It is, as far as we can tell, almost a closed system, in itself, almost. NARRATOR: By observing the entire earth, these satellites reveal how energy moves throughout the globe, beginning with the impact of the sun on water. NOVA Earth from Space. This animation shows the undersea current in action. Eventually, airborne in dust, nutrients travel around the planet, finally enabling tiny plankton to fill the air with oxygen. DVD, 120 minutes on 1 Disc But the earth has a second line of defense. WALEED ABDALATI: If you were to consider the full spectrum to be a line that stretched from New York City to Los Angeles, the piece that our eyes could see would be about the size of a dime. And the reason there's a Gulf Stream really takes root in Antarctica. WALEED ABDALATI: The climate we live in is a result of ocean circulation patterns. We discover countless hidden connections, all linked to life. We can see bulges and dips where the magma is moving around underneath. Orbiting 22,000 miles above the earth is the Solar Dynamics Observatory. Such blazes often start with a random bolt of electricity from the sky. Rising to high altitude, the vapor cools over the land and condenses back into water. Sometimes these formations develop into massive storms. tntrumble. Each one of these Earth-observing satellites reveals a different piece of the puzzle. NARRATOR: And in certain areas, this is what accounts for the special productivity of the soil. The deep ocean currents carry the leftover nutrients away. When the volcano erupts, the land sinks back. And satellites help show us how this happens. Nova's Earth From Space is a 2two-hour PBS program that uses computer imaging, satellite data, and a fair amount of Hollywood-style special effects to … Katrina leaves its mark across 90,000 square miles. NARRATOR: Combining data from satellites and undersea instruments, scientists can reconstruct what is happening, hidden beneath the ice. NARRATOR: The diatomite from the plankton is a rich source of phosphorous, an element needed by all living things to produce energy. Produced in extensive consultation with NASA scientists, NOVA takes data from earth-observing satellites and transforms them into dazzling visual sequences. From orbit, the whole earth buzzes with electricity. It passes into the soil and the roots of trees, nourishing the rainforest. NOVA: Earth from Space DVD,Earth From Space is a groundbreaking two-hour special that reveals a spectacular new space-based vision of our planet. The monsoon eventually moves to the east, reaching China, where it floods the paddies that are ideal for growing rice. What happens to the brine next is still being investigated, but computer models combined with the satellite data are helping scientists to figure out where it goes. WALEED ABDALATI: It's really the thrill—because it matters so much—of piecing together the story of what the earth is doing, how it's changing, why it's changing and how, ultimately, that affects humans. Nova Empire is a multiplayer space game in which the aim is to build your empire and conquer the galaxy in epic space battles against your rivals with other allies worldwide! It's one of the driest and dustiest places on Earth. Earth Science. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for NOVA: Earth From Space (DVD, 2013) at the best online prices at eBay! They, in turn, attract larger predators to one of the densest concentrations of marine life anywhere. Start studying "Earth From Space" NOVA. When the data is plotted over time, we can see, in fine detail, how the earth's crust is constantly moving. Each day, more than a million terawatts, over 7,000-times our global energy consumption, strike Earth. The blues and the greens and the whites. NARRATOR: Every day, dozens of volcanoes around the world are erupting, while 4,000 earthquakes shake the ground. Sharks converge. Earth from Space takes you on an epic quest to discover the invisible forces and processes that sustain life on our planet and, for the first time, see them in action in their natural environment in vivid detail. And these are just a few of our impacts on the earth's natural cycles. They tell us about what the world actually is doing, not what we would like it to be doing, not what we might fear it to be doing, but what it's actually doing. At a microscopic level, tiny crystals start to grow, knitting themselves together. PIERS SELLERS: And all of this reminds you how interconnected the earth system is, that no living thing lives in isolation from processes that may happen a long way away—in both space and time—from itself. The satellite data reveals similar upwellings all around the world, delivering nutrients, seen here in pink, into the surface waters. In this special 2-hour episode of NOVA, satellites reveal the amazing interconnectedness of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, ice, crust, volcanism, and life, along with human … If we fail to replace these satellites, we could lose our ability to track the web of connections that is fundamental to life. Many of the recreated visuals from space look really well done. NARRATOR: Looking down at the west coast of South America, MODIS detects an upwelling of cold water, 150 miles off the coast of Peru. PIERS SELLERS: MODIS is pretty much the crown jewel of the Aqua satellite. CHARLIE BRISTOW: Areas like the Amazon jungle, although they appear very rich, the soils are actually very depleted, they've been leached. Produced in extensive consultation with NASA scientists, NOVA takes data from earth-observing satellites and transforms it into dazzling visual sequences, each one exposing the intricate and surprising web of forces that sustains life on earth. But even this extreme hurricane is just a tiny brushstroke in a much bigger picture: a picture of how the sun drives water around the entire planet, with radically different effects in different places, all under the watchful gaze of our eyes in space. At this temperature, the sea is evaporating fast, producing an invisible gas: water vapor. The relentless clockwise wind, seen here in yellow, drives the seawater below, shown in light blue. NARRATOR: The first piece of the puzzle is in understanding the massive influence the sun, from 93 million miles away, has on our planet. The process begins with rain, which falls up to 250 days a year in the Amazon. We are also part of this cycle, as our bodies respond to the daily inflow of energy from above. Locked inside them are ingredients that are essential for new life: elements like carbon, sulfur and phosphorous. Spell. JEFF HALVERSON: Molecules condense in the atmosphere and become liquid again, and when that happens, that heat is given off into the atmosphere and warms the atmosphere, and that's the heat that powers storm systems. How many orbiting satellites at any given moment are there keeping a watchful eye on our planet? And that, together, shows us how water vapor is connecting with life on Earth. is equipped with a radar and imager that operate in the microwave range of the spectrum. EMILY SHUCKBURGH: Satellites are absolutely amazing because, not only can we see visible things from space, but, also, we can see things that aren't visible to the human eye. Learn. What altitudes do these satellites operate? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Produced in extensive consultation with NASA scientists, NOVA takes data from earth-observing satellites and transforms them into dazzling visual sequences. Description from PBS NOVA - “Earth From Space is a groundbreaking two-hour special that reveals a spectacular new space-based vision of our planet. We're discovering new things every day. The wave of charged particles called the solar wind distorts the magnetosphere into a gigantic teardrop shape, 120,000 miles across. An average of 2,000,000 tons of this sediment is released every 24 hours. Astonishingly, 40 strikes occur every second. And up above, humans are here, too, taking advantage of one of the world's most productive fishing grounds. At the equator, it's a very different story. Created by Doug Mackay-Hope, Nick Smith-Baker. DAVID ADAMEC: All the water in the bottom of every ocean around the globe has its start within six miles of the Antarctic continent. 34 terms. Our human footprint has grown so large that we have become a major global force in our own right. A satellite called Jason, jointly operated by NASA and the French space agency, is providing new answers. But the real picture is more complex. NOVA Season show reviews & Metacritic score: EARTH FROM SPACE is a groundbreaking two-hour special that reveals a spectacular new space-based vision of our planet. The pine tree is highly flammable. NARRATOR: By looking at the world from orbit, we see our home planet anew. There is so much other information out there available to us, and that's, in large part, what these satellites do. To the bottom, then head south again is not the only players beyond?... Our local star beneath this swirling maelstrom of cloud up a tenth of the largest feeding frenzies Earth... There is the same parts of the water almost immediately, by rapid re-growths surface on... Freezes and releases oxygen, seen in blue they spread further out to.. Satellites help us meet the challenges of the sun is dissipated in the Desert... 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